Much more than the capital of foie gras and prehistory : Dordogne & Tourism
Known worldwide for its gourmet cuisine, its treasures from Prehistoric times and its 1001 castles, people come from all over France and beyond to the Dordogne department, also known as the Black, Purple, Green and White Perigords. In this quiet and preserved setting in the south west of France, one is dazzled by the beauty of unspoilt landscapes, the wonders of history, the pleasures of the table, the joys of the great outdoors.
This region with a thousand facets is the promise of a cultural, green, gastronomic but also sporting tourism and holidays rich in wonder. Sarlat, the cave of Lascaux, foie gras, the Dordogne is much more and is full of places of interest, surprises, discoveries, and sometimes hidden gems. The list is long, even endless, as the activities are so numerous.
You will find a host of activities for the whole family whatever your interests.
What to do in the Dordogne ?
A masterpiece of art and history, Sarlat-la-Canéda has an exceptional architectural heritage and the world record for the density of listed historical monuments. In this prosperous medieval town and in a maze of picturesque lanes, modest or monumental stone buildings follow one another, testifying to 1000 years of history. You will discover the Convent of the Order of Notre-Dame, the Old Church of Sainte-Marie, the Town Hall, numerous houses and mansions, the most famous of which are the Maison de La Boétie, the Hôtel du Barry, the Hôtel de Savignac.
Crowds of shops, especially food shops, are housed in the medieval houses with Lauze slabbed roofs and covered with limestone. Its perfect preservation and photogenicity make the Capital of the Périgord an ideal setting for the cinema. It can be found in many films such as Jeanne d’Arc by Luc Besson or Les Misérables by Robert Hossein.
The Lascaux caves
A stay in the Dordogne Périgord Noir is a unique opportunity to discover the most famous prehistoric site in the world: the Lascaux cave. Located in the small town of Montignac in the Vézère Valley, the “Sistine Chapel of Parietal Art” or “Versailles of Prehistory” is one of the most important decorated caves of the Palaeolithic period. It is the work of our famous Cro-Magnon ancestor who was, contrary to popular belief, gifted for the arts.
Four teenagers are at the origin of this major archaeological discovery dating back to 1940. Since then, in order to preserve this extraordinary 18,000-year-old heritage and to reveal the beauty of its rock paintings to the world, three replicas have been created:
Lascaux II, 90% of the paintings are reproduced in this 1st replica.
Lascaux III, international traveling exhibition
Lascaux IV – Centre International de l’Art Pariétal, integral replica inaugurated in 2016
It’s up to you.
The Valley of Man, ranked by UNESCO
The Vézère Valley, also known as the Valley of Man, is home to many prehistoric remains. Fifteen of them were classified as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1979 for their outstanding universal value.
The Dordogne offers a large concentration of prehistoric sites which bear witness to the increased presence of our ancestors in the region. In total, there are 147 deposits dating back to the Palaeolithic period and 25 ornate caves to be discovered. For example, the cave of Bara-Bahau in Le Bugue, the Hundred Mammoth in Rouffignac, the cave called “du Sorcier” in Saint-Cirq.
The caves and chasms
Several caves in the Dordogne stand out for their geological interest. There are no traces of man in these rocky cavities but mineral formations millions of years old. In the vicinity of Le Bugue, several of them captivate by their beauty.
At the Grand-Roc at Les Eyzies, you will plunge into a giant geode halfway up an impressive cliff that serves as a showcase for an incredible variety and density of crystallizations. At the Grotte de Maxange, discovered only 20 years ago at Le Buisson-de-Cadouin, you will witness a fairy tale of eccentric formations unique in the world, earning it the nickname of “cave of stars”. Finally, in Audrix, you can visit the Proumeyssac Abyss, called the “crystal cathedral” for its imposing underground vault decorated with giant concretions.
Parks and gardens
In the heart of the natural setting of the Périgord Noir, there are many parks and gardens shaped by outstanding gardeners to be discovered. Whether they are French-style, themed or contemporary, they offer fabulous walks through magnificent plant creations.
The two greatest masterpieces of botanical art are in the Dordogne, both “Remarkable Gardens”. At the Jardins de Marqueyssac, a romantic and picturesque park, you can admire 150,000 centuries-old hand-cut box trees. All in roundness and as if suspended, they overlook the Dordogne Valley offering a breath taking panorama of the villages and castles of Beynac and Castelnaud.
The Gardens of the Manoir d’Eyrignacunveil no less than 300 plant sculptures in a 10-hectare park. All the geometrical forms illustrate, here, to perfection the art of sculpting plants.
At the top of one of the most beautiful villages in France, the Panoramic Gardens of Limeuiloffer, in a vast English-style park, an extraordinary 360° view of the Vézère Valley and the spectacular confluence of two rivers: the Vézère and the Dordogne.
Installed in Le Buisson,the Planbuisson garden presents one of the most beautiful collections of bamboos and other grasses in Europe. Nearly 250 species of bamboos and 100 other grasses from all over the world can be found in this exceptional botanical garden, classed as a Remarkable Garden.
The Périgord has been home to a unique and unusual leisure park for almost 30 years, where you can go back in time to the 1900s.
In a typical Perigordian village, you will be propelled into this era of simple joys and authentic pleasures. Within its 7 hectares, the mill, the school, the craftsmen’s workshops, the traditional fairground, the photo studio of the time, you will discover thousands of objects, tools, toys, machines, carriages of the past. Everything in this park comes from the time of our ancestors. You will be able to try out century-old rides and climb one of the first models of Ferris Wheel.
Everything in this timeless village helps you to experience the good old days. Even the smell of jam simmered under your nose, old-fashioned bread baked over a wood fire, freshly brewed beer evoke this life of yesteryear. And of course, as in any old country village, pigs, rabbits, goats, donkeys, geese and other farm animals live happily together.
The Roc de Cazelle caves at Les Eyzies, the Prehistopark at Tursac, several theme parks in the Dordogne show the daily life of the first Neanderthal hunter-gatherers and Cro-Magnon men to discover the habits and customs of our ancestors. At the Parc du Thot in Thonac, we discover another aspect of this period, the animals (auroch, bison, horses, Prjewalski horses, wolves).
And not far from Le Bugue in Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère, it is the dinosaurs dear to our little ones that the theme park of La Conquil stages in a vast forest park.
Back to the Middle Ages
The Dordogne is one of the departments richest in medieval remains. Castles, bastides, fortresses, abbeys have multiplied in the time of the lords and conquests of which the Périgord was the theatre and the Hundred Years War the most famous episode.
Beyond Sarlat, Périgueux has magnificent medieval districts around the Saint-Front Cathedral. Bastides, new towns founded in the 13th and 14th centuries such as Domme and Monpazier, also bear witness to the era of the knights.
In the fortified village of La Madeleine built on the cliffside, you will discover, this time, the daily life of the common people in the region.
Superb abbeys have also flourished in the region. The Abbey of Cadouin not far from Le Bugue, in the magnificent little commune of Le Buisson-Cadouin, has been exceptionally well preserved for 900 years and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The abbey church of Paunat, a charming little medieval village nearby, is one of the most beautiful and ancient in the Périgord.
Cities of art and history and the most beautiful villages in France
Three major cities in the Périgord have been awarded the Villes d’Art et d’Histoire label for their exceptional character:
Sarlat, the emblematic medieval town,
Périgueux, the capital of the Périgord
Bergerac, the wine city.
The Dordogne also has a multitude of villages, each more charming than the next. Ten of them have been awarded the label “Plus Beaux Villages de France” (Most Beautiful Villages in France). Among them :
Limeuil, from the top of which you can admire the double bridge that spans the confluence of the Vézère and the Dordogne rivers.
A tour on a Gabarre
Since Gallo-Roman times, the Dordogne River has been an important trade route between the Massif Central, Auvergne and Bordeaux. River gabares, wooden flat-bottomed boats, were used to transport goods.
Strolls in these traditional boats, which have now disappeared, are offered throughout the Périgord. They offer a new point of view to discover the wildlife, the vegetation, the sometimes rocky and sometimes green landscapes of the Périgord, its villages, castles and cave dwellings.
It is said that the Périgord “is first visited by mouth”. Gastronomy is an integral part of the charm of our region. It has been famous for more than a century. It is therefore not by chance that the Périgord specialities seduce the whole world. It is difficult to resist foie gras, duck confit, duck breasts, fried sarladaises potatoes, walnut tarts, truffles, Cabécou…
The recipes are simple, gourmet, generous. They are a delight for the whole family and the magic of holidays in the Dordogne. Here, the pleasure comes from the plate, from a good table and its conviviality. To take advantage of this, many meetings and events take place throughout the year. Great food, markets, and producer fairs showcase the richness of the regional gastronomy. The Dordogne is also home to several Michelin-starred chefs.
Rivers, wild streams, waterfalls, developed beaches, ponds, nautical bases or water parks, the department of the Dordogne is full of places where young and old can refresh themselves, have fun and enjoy water activities whether in the Vézère Valley or in the neighbouring Dordogne Valley.
From the Vézère a few steps away from the campsite, Canoé Eric offers different routes where you can reach or admire the great sites of the Périgord at Beynac, La Roque-Gageac, Domme and even navigate as far as Lascaux.
You will find swimming spots in all the villages it passes through: Terrasson, Montignac, Saint-Léon sur Vézère, Les Eyzies de Tayac and Limeuil where it joins the Dordogne. The latter, as the cleanest river in France and the only one to be classified as a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, is appreciated by swimmers and fishermen.
In addition to its bathing points, you will find several water parks in the area such as Jacquou Parc only 10 minutes from the Camping du Bournat.
The unspoilt nature of the Vézère Valley, with its rivers, paths and forests, makes it an ideal destination for outdoor sports. Canoeing, kayaking, paddling, swimming, mountain biking, running, Nordic walking, horse riding or even micro lighting are all ways to exercise, to test new sensations and to admire in a different way the richness, diversity and beauty of the landscapes of the Périgord.
Admire the landscape
You will find in the Dordogne a diversity of landscapes almost without equal in France. Describing all of its natural panoramas is a difficult task. Another characteristic of this region, although inhabited for a long time, is that it has many natural sites that have been preserved by man.
One thing is sure, you will be charmed by its valleys, its scenery sculpted by its many rivers, its meadows dotted with flowers, its wooded gorges, its expanses of well-preserved and fleshy greenery, its villages, some of which are among the most beautiful villages in France, its cliffs sheltering in turn dwellings or decorated caves.
And each tourist site in the Dordogne reveals or magnifies an already breath taking natural setting. Castles such as Beynac and Castelnaud stand proudly on hillsides, the whitish ruins of the Château de Commarque seem to spring from a rocky spur and stand out against the bright green of the surrounding meadows.
Enjoy the good life
A holiday in the Dordogne is the choice of a gentle way of life. In addition to its immense heritage, its omnipresent nature, its irresistible local cuisine, tourism in the Dordogne is also the promise of serene holidays. Here, although the region is prized by tourists from all over the world, calm reigns.
For in the Dordogne there is space, wide open spaces of greenery, water and tranquillity. One takes the time to live. And everything is mild here, even the climate.
The weather in the Dordogne?
The climate of the Dordogne is oceanic. The summer period is hot and dry. Temperatures rise offering beautiful sunny patches but remain pleasant, especially at night when the thermometer goes down.
Another asset of our region is the absence of tiger mosquitoes offering the assurance of peaceful days, evenings and nights, and to fully enjoy the joys of outdoor holidays.
Where is the Dordogne?
The Dordogne is a department in the Périgord, itself divided into several colours according to the shades of colour in its landscapes.
It is located in the South West of France in the New Aquitaine region, 2 hours from Bordeaux, 1 hour from Agen, 2 hours 45 minutes from Toulouse. The Dordogne is home to the Dordogne Valley and the Vézère Valley.